Interesting Places

The Nuraghi in Sardinia

A nuraghe (plural: Nuraghi) is a monumental tower made of huge stones roughly worked. A nuraghe might stand as a single tower like the one above, or several nuraghi might be joined together as a complex of many towers with connecting structures and walls. Either form might show remnants of a village in the immediate vicinity.
The name "nuraghe" derives from the word "nur" meaning "hollow heap." The earliest form of nuraghi were corridor nuraghi, and from the outside resembled a pile of rock, but the insides had been removed to make a habitation area.

 

Domus de janas

They are tombs dug in the rock often according to a labyrinth architecture, which develops in different little rooms. Such a structure has suggested the name Domus de Jana's that in the Sardinian language means "House of the fairies or of the witches". On the island they are about a thousand

 

Giants Tombs

They are tombs that were destined to the tribal chiefs. They are 325 on the whole island. Their name comes from their particular architectural structure that presents at the centre of an exedra of flat stones an imposing stele several metres high, as if it were a door towards the hereafter.


Li Lolghi

Li Lolghi is Sardinia's largest Giant's Tomb (tomba di giganti). These monuments were constructed all over the island -mainly by the nuraghi builders- from about 1900 BC until the destructive invasion by Carthage, almost a thousand years later. The first Giant's Tombs, however, could date from the second half of the 3rd millennium BC, and could have been used up to the end of the Iron Age: that is the case of Li Lolghi, a monument built in the middle Bronze Age.
This collective burial chamber is very long, with a series of uprights and it was once covered with stones or earth. The tomb, like the Coddu Vecchiu one, features a horned semi-circular forecourt which was probably used as a meeting place for rituals. The boat shapes of the tombs' wedge ends are similar to some Minorcan monuments, while others believe the builders could have simply added the megalithic frontage and the forecourt to the older dolmen plan from mainland Europe.



The Coddu Vecchiu Giant's Tomb must have been a massive structure when its original earth mound covered it. This dramatic site is similar to Li Lolghi, but its entrance has a carved stone slab, a horizontal lintel, and an arch above; a small opening at the base was blocked by a stone. Built from 2300 BC onwards, Sardinian Giant's Tombs have undergone many repairs over many years, and their final plan may be fairly complex. At Coddu Vecchiu the forecourt is about 12.4m (41 ft) wide and is composed of 11 upright slabs; the chamber is almost 10m (33 ft) long.